Beranda Forum Hukum Syarat untuk Memperoleh Bantuan Hukum

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  • #256 Balas

    Jika benar warga yang tidak dapat membayar layanan advokat, bisa memperoleh jasanya dengan gratis. Ada dua langkah untuk memperoleh layanan advokat dengan gratis, pertama minta pertolongan hukum (legal aid) ke Instansi Pertolongan Hukum (LBH) atau organisasi kemasyarakatan. Ke-2, minta pertolongan hukum dengan gratis pada advokat (pro bono). Butuh kita mengerti lebih dulu bedanya.

    Pertama, arti pertolongan hukum (“legal aid”) dalam Klausal 1 angka 1 Undang-Undang Nomor 16 Tahun 2011 mengenai Pertolongan Hukum (“UU 16/2011”) didefinisikan jadi layanan hukum yang diberi oleh pemberi pertolongan hukum dengan gratis pada penerima pertolongan hukum.

    Sedang arti pertolongan hukum dengan gratis (“pro bono”) ialah layanan hukum yang diberi advokat tanpa ada terima pembayaran honorarium mencakup pemberian konsultasi hukum, jalankan kuasa, sebagai wakil, mengikuti, bela, serta bertindak hukum lain untuk kebutuhan pelacak keadilan yang tidak dapat, yang merujuk pada Klausal 1 angka 3 Ketentuan Pemerintah Nomor 83 Tahun 2008 mengenai Kriteria serta Tata Langkah Pemberian Pertolongan Hukum Dengan Cuma-Cuma (“PP 83/2008”) jadi ketentuan pelaksana dari Undang-Undang Nomor 18 Tahun 2003 mengenai Advokat (“UU 18/2003”).

    Karena itu butuh dimengerti serta dibedakan terlebih dulu pengertian itu. Menurut Luhut M.P. Pangaribuan dalam artikel Ketidaksamaan Pro Bono dengan Pertolongan Hukum (Legal Aid), pertolongan hukum adalah derma atau kebijaksanaan bagian kesejahteraan sosial dari pemerintah, sesaat pro bono datang dari value sistem beberapa advokat yang perlu jaga kehormatan profesinya itu.

    Minta Pertolongan Hukum (Legal Aid) Pada LBH serta Organisasi Warga
    Pertolongan Hukum (legal aid) diserahkan kepada penerima pertolongan hukum yang hadapi permasalahan hukum keperdataan, pidana, serta tata usaha negara baik litigasi atau non-litigasi. Pemberi pertolongan hukum memberi pertolongan hukum yang mencakup jalankan kuasa, mengikuti, sebagai wakil, bela, serta/atau bertindak hukum lain untuk kebutuhan hukum penerima pertolongan hukum.[1]

    Legal aid diadakan oleh Menteri Hukum serta Hak Asasi Manusia (“Menkumham”) serta dikerjakan oleh pemberi pertolongan hukum untuk menolong penyelesaian persoalan hukum yang ditemui penerima pertolongan hukum.[2]

    Bila lihat dengan jeli, legal aid lebih detil sebab terbatas pada pemberi pertolongan hukum, yakni ialah instansi pertolongan hukum (“LBH”) atau organisasi kemasyarakatan yang memberikan service serta melakukan pertolongan hukum berdasar UU 16/2011, ketentuannya ialah:[3]

    memiliki badan hukum;
    terakreditasi berdasar UU 16/2011;
    mempunyai kantor atau sekretariat yang masih;
    mempunyai pengurus; serta
    mempunyai program Pertolongan Hukum.

    Menkumham mengamati serta pastikan penyelenggaraan pertolongan hukum serta pemberian pertolongan hukum digerakkan sesuai dengan azas serta arah yang diputuskan, dan lakukan verifikasi serta legalisasi pada instansi pertolongan hukum atau organisasi kemasyarakatan untuk penuhi kelayakan jadi pemberi pertolongan hukum.[4]

    Bila Anda tidak dapat memerlukan pertolongan hukum dari LBH atau organisasi kemasyarakatan jadi pemberi pertolongan hukum, karena itu Anda dikatakan sebagai Penerima Pertolongan Hukum yakni tiap orang atau barisan orang miskin yang tidak bisa penuhi hak fundamen dengan wajar serta mandiri (mencakup hak atas pangan, sandang, service kesehatan, service pendidikan, pekerjaan serta berupaya, serta/atau perumahan).[5]

    Mengenai untuk mendapatkan legal aid ini, pemohon (penerima pertolongan hukum) harus penuhi kriteria:[6]

    ajukan permintaan dengan lisan atau tercatat yang berisi sekurangnya jati diri pemohon serta rincian singkat tentang inti masalah yang dimohonkan pertolongan hukum;
    menyerahkan dokumen yang terkait dengan masalah; serta
    menyertakan surat info miskin dari lurah, kades, atau petinggi yang satu tingkat dalam tempat tinggal pemohon Pertolongan Hukum.

    Jadi berdasar keterangan itu, bermakna untuk memperoleh legal aid (pertolongan hukum) dari pengacara di LBH atau organisasi kemasyarakatan harus penuhi ketentuan di atas diantaranya ialah surat info miskin. Lantas bagaimana untuk pro bono (minta pertolongan hukum pada advokat)?

    Minta Pertolongan Hukum Dengan Cuma-Cuma Pada Advokat (Pro Bono)
    Jika lihat kembali ketidaksamaan pengertian di antara legal aid serta probono pada keterangan di atas akan jelas kelihatan jika pro bono diberi oleh advokat di mana-pun dia ada (tidak terbatas pada LBH atau organisasi kemasyarakatan).

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